What is RTII
RTII stands for Response to Instruction and intervention. Schools use RTII to provide extra help to the struggling students by tracking, supporting, monitoring and providing intervention to all students in a whole class or group setting based upon individual needs. The overall goal of RTII is to ensure that intervention occurs as soon as possible so that nobody falls short of their expected goals. In addition to struggling students, English as a second language students also benefit greatly from this support system.
There are a several key components that enable the RTI process to help struggling students. First, the teacher assesses everyone in the class to identify students that need instructional interventions. Interventions can consist of a class-wide instruction. Or, differentiated instruction can offer smaller group instruction based upon needs. Second, progress monitoring ensures that the children are routinely monitored to see if the intervention is beneficial. Often times, a series of tests are conducted and progress is plotted on a graph for the RTI team to see improvement. Third, the amount of support provided to the students is assessed. This can involve whole class instruction (Tier 1), small group intervention (Tier 2) or individual instruction (Tier 3).
Based upon the type of RTII support provided, schools use this system to provide tailored instruction to the student to ensure that they are assisted as soon as possible with any additional support tools and practice needed to succeed. Struggling students are often placed in the appropriate small group (Tier 2) or individual (Tier 3) setting until they have mastered the skills necessary. Often times students will rotate through different groups throughout the year. Just because a student is behind in reading comprehension and is placed in Tier 2 at the beginning of the year, he/she may master those skills through the extra practice and quickly move back into the whole class (Tier 3). I love this system!
High quality instructional strategies will address phonemic awareness, phonics & word study, fluency, vocabulary and reading comprehension. When students, including those struggling with reading or writing, are taught in small groups or paired instruction, they enhance their skills more than with whole class instruction alone. In addition, groups offer opportunities for differentiated instruction, practice opportunities and immediate corrective feedback. A parent has the opportunity to work with the child 1:1, which offers a nice instructional strategy compliment to in-class instruction.
Following are some great activities that can be used at home or in the classroom for Tier I. Click on the link to find some of my favorites!
Phonic Flashcard Game
CVC Vowel Clip Cards
Hershey Kiss Word Family Game
Phonics Interactive Notebook Games
Reading Fluency & Comprehension Worksheets
Sticker Story Writing
Dolche 2nd Grade Sight Words
Contractions Memory Game
Tier 2 intervention offers more focused instruction than does the typical classroom reading instruction. Critical instructional strategies include remediation of skill deficits, preteaching and reviewing skills for Tier 1 lesson, providing multiple opprotunities for practice, and offering immediate corrective feedback.
2nd Grade Word Kaboom
Fluency & Phonics Sentences
Vowel Blend Game
Sight Word Candy Land
Build A Story Writing Center
Roll & Read
Tier 3 intervention offers an extremely focused instruction. Critical instructional strategies include remediation of skill deficits, preteaching, reviewing skills, providing multiple opportunities for practice, and offering immediate corrective feedback. The optimal strategy for Tier III is to apply all of these efforts on a daily basis while working one-on-one with the student.
Literacy Progress Monitoring Cards
Read Aloud Books
Stories in Motion
Vocabulary Word of the Day
Sentence Word Match
Spot It Dot It
CVC Word Rolls