What is RTII
RTII stands for Response to Instruction and intervention. Schools use RTII to provide extra help to the struggling students by tracking, supporting, monitoring and providing intervention to all students in a whole class or group setting based upon individual needs. The overall goal of RTII is to ensure that intervention occurs as soon as possible so that nobody falls short of their expected goals. In addition to struggling students, English as a second language students also benefit greatly from this support system.
There are a several key components that enable the RTII process to help struggling students. The essential components of RTII within the intermediate grades are screening, progress monitoring, multi-level instructional and behavioral system to foster school success, and data-based decisions for curriculum, movement among tiers and special needs identification..
The teacher assesses everyone in the class to identify students that need instructional interventions. Such interventions can consist of a class-wide instruction or differentiated smaller group instruction based upon needs. ,Progress monitoring ensures that the children are routinely monitored to see if the intervention is beneficial and offer real time adaptations in curriculum where needed. Often times, a series of tests are conducted and progress is plotted on a graph for the RTII team to see improvement. The amount of support provided to the students is routinely assessed. This can involve whole class instruction (Tier 1), small group intervention (Tier 2) or individual instruction (Tier 3).
Based upon the type of RTII support provided, schools use this system to provide tailored instruction to the student to ensure that they are assisted as soon as possible with any additional support tools and practice needed to succeed. Struggling students are often placed in the appropriate small group (Tier 2) or individual (Tier 3) setting until they have mastered the skills necessary. Often times students will rotate through different groups throughout the year. Just because a student is behind in reading comprehension and is placed in Tier 2 at the beginning of the year, he/she may master those skills through the extra practice and quickly move back into the whole class (Tier 3). I love this system!
High quality instructional strategies will address word study, fluency, vocabulary. fluency and reading comprehension. When students, including those struggling with reading or writing, are taught in small groups or paired instruction, they enhance their skills more than with whole class instruction alone. In addition, groups offer opportunities for differentiated instruction, practice opportunities and immediate corrective feedback. A parent has the opportunity to work with the child 1:1, which offers a nice instructional strategy compliment to in-class instruction.
A carefully crafted and strategic RTII system must be utilized to ensure successful implementation. This will include progress monitoring goals that are both short and long-term focused. Following are There are strategies and tools for progress monitoring and assessment method .
- Traditional Assessments: Such assessments are standardized, lengthy assessments that are administered during certain intervals, and are based upon national averages. An example of such would include a norm-referenced method, such as the Woodcock-Johnson Achievement Battery or the Dynamic Indicators of Basic Literacy Skills (DIBELS) assessment.
- Curriculum Based Measurements (CBM). This assessment involves in-class, real time assessments regarding academic achievement. It tracks skill development and provides tailored lessons targeted at improving such skills. Students are provided with reading tests or assessments as often as every week to provide short and long-term data. Such data can also be graphed an plotted to show student improvement or need for curriculum adaptation.
Following are some great activities that can be used at home or in the classroom for Tier I instruction in the areas of Word Study, Vocab, Fluency & Comprehension. Click on the link to find some of my favorites!
- Word Study Games including Board Games, Bingo, Scavenger Hunts, I SPY Adaptations & More. Click HERE for a great list of 4th Grade Sight Words.
- Vocabulary Class Worksheets, Games & Activites. Click HERE for a great Vocab Dice Game that could be used in class!
- Incorporate Fluency and Reading across multiple subjects. Click HERE for a great set of Fluency Passages that is perfect to utilize during 4th Grade Social Studies or at home fun!
- Comprehension Games & Actvities will offer a great way to get the entire class about reading! Click HERE for a fun Context Clues Game that is perfect for a 4th Grade afternoon!
Tier 2 intervention offers more focused instruction than does the typical classroom reading instruction. Critical instructional strategies include remediation of skill deficits, preteaching and reviewing skills for Tier 1 lesson, providing multiple opprotunities for practice, and offering immediate corrective feedback. Such strategies will focus on Word Study, Vocab, Fluency & Comprehension. Students will be instructed in small group settings (4-5 students) and will meet for at least 30 minutes 3 times a week.
- Small Group Instruction Word Study Choice Game. Let the student 'choose' what element of Word Study development he/she will be working on.. Click HERE to view a great board to get you started . It is fun, silly and will help give your students just the practice they need!
- Small Group Drawing & Word Labeling Activities to strengthen vocabulary skills. Click HERE for some great examples that work on nouns, adjectives, verbs, prepositions etc ! Love this!
- Small group Spin & Read Game. Click HERE for a fun and exciting way to get your students reading some new phrases out loud. You can build upon complexity based upon grade level and academic need.
- Small Group Reading Comprehension Graphic Organizer can provide a fun way to work on those 'Cause & Effect' skills. Click HERE for a great example!
Tier 3 intervention offers an extremely focused instruction. Critical instructional strategies include remediation of skill deficits, preteaching, reviewing skills, providing multiple opportunities for practice, and offering immediate corrective feedback. The optimal strategy for Tier III is to apply all of these efforts on a daily basis while working one-on-one with the student.
- Individual Scrabble Games and Word Work Organizers are a great way to work on those Word Study Skills. Click HERE for some great examples!
- One-on-one Vocabulary Games and Activities are a great way to improve the student's vocabulary skill set. Click HERE for some great options. I LOVE the Dice Practice Game!
- Paired Reading Center Activites will help strengthen the studnent's skills in Reading Fluency. Click HERE for a great example!
- One-on-one Context Clues Cell Phone Scenario Games. This is a fun way to be sure to get your student engaged in Reading Comprehension and improve his/her skills at the same time. Click HERE for a great example!